GUANGZHOU INTERNATIONAL AWARD FOR URBAN INNOVATION
www.guangzhouaward.org
Odisha, India(印度,奥里萨邦)

The Urban Wage Employment Initiative

城市工资就业倡议

COVID-19 induced national lockdown in India highlighted the economic and housing vulnerabilities of the urban labour force, which is largely composed of migrants from lagging parts of the country working in the informal sector in the primary cities. The lockdown stress led to the reverse migration of the labour force in large numbers.

新冠疫情在印度引起的全国封锁凸显了城镇劳动人口在经济和住房方面处于弱势。这些城镇劳动人口主要由流动人口组成,他们来自印度落后地区,在大城市从事非正规工作。封城的压力导致劳动力大量回流。

 Migrants from Odisha, a lagging province in India, also returned to their home state. In response, the provincial government launched the Urban Wage Employment Initiative (UWEI), whereby the urban workforce has been guaranteed a minimum number of workdays annually at a specified daily wage.

奥里萨邦是印度一个落后的邦,来自该邦的流动人口也返回了他们的家乡。为了应对劳动力回流,奥里萨邦政府启动了《城市工资就业倡议》,按规定日薪保证城镇劳动力的每年最少工作天数。

 The initiative engages workers in public works, and the resources are from ongoing welfare schemes of the national and provincial governments. In addition to mitigating the impoverished urban labour force’s economic stress due to the pandemic, the local government has adopted the initiative as a long-term measure for poverty alleviation.

这些劳动人口从事公共工程,项目资源主要来自国家和邦政府正在进行的福利计划。除了缓解新冠疫情给城镇贫困劳动人口造成的经济压力外,邦政府还将该举措作为一项长期的扶贫措施。






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